General Aims

  • To ensure that children are physically active and that they develop positive and enjoyable attitudes to physical activity and healthy life styles;
  • To enable each child to experience a sense of achievement through physical activity and to develop positive attitudes towards them;
  • To ensure that children develop a knowledge of safety and appreciation of the principles of safe practice;
  • To develop in all children a sense of self-worth and an appreciation of the differing abilities of others;
  • To promote a sense of fair play based on rules and the conventions of activities, thus developing positive sporting behaviour;
  • To know how to conduct themselves in sporting competitions and accept authority;
  • To encourage pupils to develop social skills in activities involving co-operation and collaboration, responsibility, personal commitment, loyalty and teamwork;
  • To improve observational skills and the ability to assess the effectiveness of performance;
  • To enable pupils to experience and understand the significance of activities from their own and other cultures (eg folk dances and traditional games), recognise how activities and public performance give a sense of cultural identity, and consider how sport can cross cultural boundaries;
  • To ensure that all children have equal access to all areas of Physical Education and that all space, facilities and equipment in the school be available to both boys and girls;
  • To identify children with special needs and to provide the support necessary to meet these needs in Physical Education;
  • To provide opportunities for pupils to develop the key skills of communication, application of number, IT, working with others, improving own learning and performance, and problem solving.

Swimming and Water Safety

All schools must provide swimming instruction either in key stage 1 or key stage 2.

In particular, pupils should be taught to:

  • swim competently, confidently and proficiently over a distance of at least 25 metres
  • use a range of strokes effectively [for example, front crawl, backstroke and breaststroke]
  • perform safe self-rescue in different water-based situations


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